By the end of today's session, you should be able to:
Here are slides shown during the Library Research Session:
Encyclopedia of Life
A free, online encyclopedia intended to document all of the 1.9 million living species known to science. Includes text, images, video, sound, and more.
iNaturalist- Lower Arroyo Park Observations
A social network of naturalists, citizen scientists, and biologists built on the concept of mapping and sharing observations of biodiversity across the globe. Includes text, images, data, maps, and more.
A broad search for scholarly literature, including articles, theses, books, abstracts and court opinions. Not all articles are available in full text. Before using Google Scholar, see this brief video to learn how to set it up to connect you to articles available via PCC.
Overview of APA Style
Additional APA resources:
If you are citing an individual observer/observation, use the following format:
[Observer name]. [year of posting to iNaturalist]. iNaturalist observation: [url for observation]. Accessed [date].
If you are citing a species' page, use the following format:
iNaturalist. [date]. [Name of page/species]. [url for webpage]. Accessed [date].
If you are citing iNaturalist more generally, use the following format:
iNaturalist. Available from https://www.inaturalist.org. Accessed [date].
Learn more about citing iNaturalist.
Citing information found on the articles tab will utilize both the contributor/author of the section being cited, as well as attribute the publisher of the content Encyclopedia of Life.
Example for reference page:
Arnold, D. (2002). Red tailed hawk: Behavior. Encyclopedia of Life. https://eol.org/pages/45511426/articles.
Example of In-text citation:
Use both author's last name and the year of publication. For multiple authors, see these examples.
Learn more about citing Encyclopedia of Life.
For in-text citations, use the following format: (author/creator, year)
Note that a creator can be a person or an organization.
(Denali National Park and Preserve, 2013)
For a References page, use the following format: Creator last name, First initial. (year). Name of image [Photograph]. Site name. URL
If there is no title of the image, create a brief description and wrap it in brackets [ ]
Denali National Park and Preserve. (2013). Lava [Photograph]. Flickr. https://www.flickr.com/photos/denalinps/8639280606/
Stone, M. (2020). [Picture of fireflies at night in Congaree National Park] [Photograph]. National Geographic. https://www.nationalgeographic.com/animals/2020/06/synchronous-fireflies-rare-look-congaree-national-park/#/fireflies-congaree-1994.jpg