Skip to main content

Citation Style

APA Style Quick Guide

This guide provides formatting and actual usage examples that you can follow for proper APA style citations.

Based on Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 6th edition.

Books

FORMAT for books

Author last name, First initial. (Year of publication). Book title: Capitalize first letter of
     title and subtitle
. City, State: Publisher.

Two to seven authors

Baer, M., & Heron, K. (2005). Safe: The race to protect ourselves in a newly dangerous
     world
. New York, NY: HarperCollins.

Chapter in a book

Carr, D. (2013). Activist websites that reveal sensitive documents are a useful form of
     journalism. In L. Gerdes (Ed.), Cybercrime: Opposing viewpoints series (pp.
     115-121). Detroit, MI: Greenhaven.

Reference work (encyclopedia or dictionary)

Clark, C. D. (2007). Childcare. In F. Malti-Douglas (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Sex and
     Gender
. Retrieved from http://go.galegroup.com/ps/retrieve.do

Journals

FORMAT
for journal article with DOI

Author last name, First initial. (Year of publication). Title of article: Capitalize first letter
     of title and subtitle. Title of Journal Source, volume(issue), page range.
     doi:0000.000/0000000000

FORMAT
for journal article
without DOI

Author last name, First initial. (Year of publication). Title of article: Capitalize first letter
     of title and subtitle. Title of Journal Source, volume(issue), page range. Retrieved
     from http://www.nameofwebsite.edu

Journal article with DOI

King, K. A., Dowdall, M. P., & Wagner, D. I. (2010). Coaches’ attitudes and involvement
     in alcohol prevention among high school athletes. Journal Of Community Health,
     35
(1), 68-75. doi:10.1007/s10900-009-9190-4

Journal article without DOI

Morris, S. (2011). Targeting black masculinity: An analysis of the (mis)representation of
     black men in the history of early American popular culture. Interdisciplinary
     Humanities, 28
(2), 77-87. Retrieved from http://web.b.ebscohost.com/ehost

Other Periodicals

FORMAT
for magazine article

Author last name, First initial. (Year, month of publication). Title of article: Capitalize first
     letter of title and subtitle. Title of Magazine, volume(issue), page range. Retrieved
     from http://www.nameofwebsite.com

FORMAT
for newspaper article

Author last name, First initial. (Year, month and date of publication). Title of article:
     Capitalize first letter of title and subtitle. Title of Newspaper Source, page range.
     Retrieved from http://www.nameofwebsite.com

Magazine article

Nazaryan, A. (2014, January). Gary Shteyngart tells the truth. Newsweek. Retrieved
     from http://ic.galegroup.com/ic/ovic

Newspaper article

Parsons, C. (2013, December 5). Obama focuses on income inequality. Los Angeles
     Times
, pp. A9. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/1464839995

Web Sources

General format

Author last name, First initial. (Year, Month and date of post). Title of content
     [Description of form]. Retrieved from www.nameofwebsite.com/exact/address

Page from web site

University of Utah Health Sciences. (2014). Cloning myths [Web page]. Retrieved
     http://learn.genetics.utah.edu/content/cloning/cloningmyths

Article from web magazine

Luscombe, B. (2013, November 11). Ten things you didn’t know about the gender gap
     [News blog post]. Retrieved from http://healthland.time.com/2013/11/11/ten-things-
     you-didnt-know-about-the-gender-gap

Video

WebMD. (2014, March 14). President Obama answers: Affordable insurance [Video
     file]. Retrieved from http://youtu.be/wLc4mB5-PD8

Image

Southern Pacific Company (Publisher). (1890). The unique map of California [Illustrated
     map]. Retrieved from http://digitalcollections.nypl.org/items/8cee76e5-d6de-11d2-
     e040-e00a18061ce4

In-Text Citations

Provide in-text, parenthetical citations for all items that you use and quote, and include only those items in your Reference list. Give the author’s last name, year of publication and page number(s) when available. Examples:

 

Baer and Heron (2005) have argued that "social norms evolve in consistent and cyclical patterns" (pp. 123-124).

- OR -

Scholars have argued that social norms consistently and cyclically evolve (Baer & Heron, 2005, pp. 123-124).

Tips

• Title your list "References." Begin the first line of each citation at the left margin. Indent additional lines 5 spaces or one-half inch. Double-space throughout.

• When listing a work by title, alphabetize by the first main word in the title (instead of initial articles, e.g., A, An, The).

• Arrange all works in one alphabetical list by author, or by title if there is no author. Do not list or group sources by type or by date.

• The titles of books and journal sources are italicized.

• Use the DOI (digital object identifier) for an article if one is provided. If there is no DOI for an article, note “Retrieved from” and provide the URL for the website where you located it.

• For the title and subtitle of a book or article, capitalize only the first word and proper nouns. For example: Roots: The saga of an American family.

• For the title of a journal, magazine, or newspaper, capitalize all major words. For example: Journal of Curriculum and Instruction.

 

 

For More Information...

More detailed citation guides can be found at Purdue University's Online Writing Lab (OWL) or Research and Documentation Online.

For additional citation support, please ask a librarian.